A Brief History of Wave and Tidal Energy Experiments in San Francisco and Santa Cruz

Page One -- Page Two -- Page Three -- Notes

by Christine Miller
Copyright © August 2004

Complete Notes and Bibliography

Notes:
1. "The San Francisco Self-Propelling Boat-Disastrous End of a Grand Experiment", New York Times, May 10, 1868, pg. 11, co. 7.

2. H. Newhouse, Patent No. 189,643

3. "Utilizing the Tide: A New and Practical Wave Motor", Argonaut, June 2, 1877, pg. 7.

4. "The Ocean Wave Motor", San Francisco News Letter, pg. 34, col. 2.

5. "The Best Idea of All", San Francisco Examiner, May 5, 1895, pg. 22, col. 2.

6. "A Wave Motor", Los Angeles Times, July 30, 1898, pg. 8.

7. "Is Santa Cruz to be a Great Manufacturing Centre?", Santa Cruz Daily Sentinel, January 17, 1896, pg. 2, col. 2.

8. Santa Cruz Daily Sentinel, June 3, 1896, pg. 2, col. 1

9. "Brilliant Illumination", Santa Cruz Daily Sentinel, pg. 1, col. 1

10. "The Ocean Harnessed", Santa Cruz Daily Sentinel, June 25, 1898, pg. 1, col. 1.

11. Santa Cruz Daily Sentinel, June 3, 1896, pg. 2, col. 1.

For more information on the Santa Cruz Wave Motor please visit www.sandylydon.com, Home of the History Dude of Santa Cruz, look under the subject heading of "Secret History".

Information on California's wave motor projects has not been easy to find and the author wishes to thank the staff of the San Francisco Main Library for all of their help in obtaining needed materials. Thanks also to Ranger Bob Holloway of the National Park Service, Sutro District, for his help with this project and to Sandy Lydon, Historian Emeritus, Cabrillo College, for his help with the Capitola and Santa Cruz wave motors. Thanks also to Bonnie Minford of the Santa Cruz Seaside Company and to Bonnie Beckerson of the Manhattan Beach Historical Society for taking the time to help me in my search for information. Thanks also to Woody LaBounty of the Western Neighborhoods Project!

Bibliography

Miller, Christine. Wave Motors and Tide Machines at the Cliff House: 1886 to Present. San Francisco, CA. Western Neighborhoods Project. (www.outsidelands.org), October 2003

Additional Resources:

Matt Gonzalez: Public Hearing on Renewable Tidal Energy by the San Francisco Local Agency Formation Commission held at City Hall in San Francisco on February 28, 2003

"Resolution Supporting the Development of a One Megawatt Renewable Tidal Energy Pilot Project Within Three Years", File No. 030356, Passed by the Board of Supervisors, May 6, 2003

"Board OKs Using Tides to Make Electricity", San Francisco Chronicle, May 7, 2003, pg. A21

Author's collection of materials from the Matt Gonzalez for Mayor campaign.

Cheevers, Jack. "Water on the Brain", SF Weekly, October 15, 2003.

S.F. Self-Propelling Boat: "The San Francisco Self-Propelling Boat - Disastrous End of a Grand Experiment", New York Times, May 10, 1868, pg. 11, col. 7.

The 1870's: Charles Bucker - U.S. Patents 138,474 and 163,451; H. Newhouse Patent No. 189,643; W. Filmer Patent No. 209,391; "Utilizing the Tide: A New and Practical Wave Motor", Argonaut, June 2, 1877, pg. 7.

Swailes Wave Motor: "The Ocean Wave Motor", San Francisco News Letter, pg. 34, col. 2.

Stern's Wave Motor: Sutro Baths Blueprints: #BP-49-276, S.F. History Room, Main Library, San Francisco, CA.

Practical Engineers and Imaginative Inventors: "Extracting the Ocean's Force", San Francisco Call, November 1, 1896, pg. 14, col. 4; "A Los Gatos Man Invents a Wave Motor", San Francisco Call, February 25, 1897, pg. 25, col. 1; "New Wave Motor Company", San Francisco Call, March 21, 1899, pg. 2; "A New Power Company", San Francisco Call, November 13, 1895, pg. 7, col. 1; Prospectus for the Wave Power and Air Compressing Company, 1895, California Historical Society, Business Miscellaneous; "The Best Idea of All", San Francisco Examiner, May 5, 1895, pg. 22, col.2;

Holland's Wave Motor: "A Novel Motor", San Francisco Morning Call, April 26, 1893, pg. 6: "A Wave Motor", Los Angeles Times, July 30, 1898, pg. 8; "Gold from the Briny Deep", New York Times, November 11, 1897, pg. 1, col. 3; "Sea Salt Gold a Failure", New York Times, July 30, 1898, pg. 3, col. 5; "Jernegan Escapes Arrest", New York Times, August 2, 1898, pg. 6, col. 7; WPA Writers Program. San Francisco: The Bay and its Cities. New York. Hastings House. 1940; KCBS Radio Transcripts for Januray 11, 1950 and April 5, 1975, Wave Motor Subject File, San Francisco History Room, Main Library, San Francisco

Sutro Baths: "All Bond Measures for Parks Defeated", San Francisco Chronicle, December 21, 1912, pg. 1, col. 7; "City Offered Sutro Lands for $410,000", San Francisco Examiner, August 8, 1919, pg.4, col. 3; "Mayor Plans Deal for Baths", San Francisco Chronicle, August 24, 1919, pg. 10, col. 1; "Sullivan Asks City to Buy Sutro Heights", San Francisco Examiner, September 22, 1919, pg. 3, col. 1; "The Sutro Baths", San Francisco Chronicle, November 1, 1919, pg. 22, col. 2; "City Decides Not to Buy Sutro Baths", San Francisco Chronicle, February 15, 1952, pg. 1, col. 4; "Sutro Baths Are Sold to Whitney---To Stay Open", San Francisco Chronicle, September 2, 1952, pg. 10, col. 1; "Reprieve", San Francisco Chronicle, August 7, 1952, TW, pg. 3, col. 1; "It Looks Bad for Sutro's", San Francisco Chronicle, March 2, 1966; "We'll Have Ocean Cliff Dwellings", San Francisco Examiner, March 9, 1966 pg. 1, col. 1; "Big Plans for Point Lobos", San Francisco Chronicle, March 10, 1966, pg. 2, col. 1; "Damocles and Sutro Baths", San Francisco Chronicle, March 11, 1966, pg. 25; "Huge Fire at the Beach", San Francisco Chronicle, June 27, 1966, pg. 1, col. 4; "A Landmark Erased", San Francisco Chronicle, June 28, 1966, pg. 3, col. 1; "Beach Landmarks Rejected by City", San Francisco Chronicle, January 13, 1967, pg. 6, col. 7; "A Parcel of Sutro Baths Site Sold", San Francisco Chronicle, July 12, 1968, pg. 2, col. 6; "Sutro Baths Added to Park", San Francisco Chronicle, May 23, 1980, pg. 3, col. 1; San Francisco Department of City Planning, Cliff House-Sutro Baths Aquisition Study, San Francisco, October, 1967.

Gerlach Wave Motor: "To Harness the Waves", Santa Cruz Daily Sentinel, July 9, 1895, pg. 1, col. 5; "Is Santa Cruz to be a Great Manufacturing Centre?", Santa Cruz Daily Sentinel, January 17, 1896, pg. 2, col. 2; "E. Gerlach's Wave Motor Successfully Tested at Capitola a Few Days Ago", San Francisco Examiner, January 19, 1896, pg. 28, col. 1; "The Wave Motor", Santa Cruz Daily Sentinel, March 1, 1896, pg. 3, col. 4; "An Apparent Success", Santa Cruz Daily Sentinel, March 4, 1896, pg. 2, col. 2; "The Wave Motor", S.C. Daily Sentinel, 3/12/1896 (3,2); Santa Cruz Daily Sentinel, June 3, 1896, pg. 2, col.1; "Brilliant Illumination", Santa Cruz Daily Sentinel, pg. 1, col. 1.

Santa Cruz Wave Motor: "The Ocean Harnessed", Santa Cruz Daily Sentinel, June 25, 1898, pg. 1, col. 1; "A Practical Wave Motor", Washington Post, October 9, 1910, pg. M2, col. 1; "Santa Cruz Yesterdays", Santa Cruz Daily Sentinel, December 21, 1952; "Unique Wave Machine Once Helped Keep City's Streets Dustless", Cabrillo Times & Green Sheet, December 23, 1976; Lydon, Sandy. "Santa Cruz's West Cliff Drive Wave Motor", www.sandylydon.com.

Wave Motors of Southern California: Collected articles on wave motors from the Los Angeles Times from 1894 to 1909.

Wright Wave Motor: "Alleged Wave Motor", Los Angeles Times, March 4, 1897, pg. 11, col. 1; "Power from Waves", Los Angeles Times, March 6, 1897, pg. 9, col. 4; "The Wave Motor", Los Angeles Times, June 15, 1897, pg. 12, col. 1; "Ocean Power", Los Angeles Times, December 11, 1897, pg. 9, col. 3.

Reynolds Wave Motor: "Another Wave Motor", Los Angeles Times, April 17, 1907, pg. 11, col. 3; "Solves Problem of Harnessing Ocean Waves", Los Angeles Herald Sunday Magazine, December 19, 1909, pg. 89.

Edwards Wave Motor: "Wave Motor Men to Have a Plant", San Diego Sun, August 14, 1909, pg. 3, col. 4; "Wave Motor on Exhibition", San Diego Sun, October 4, 1909, pg. 5, col. 4; "Wave Motor May Furnish Power for Light Plant", San Diego Sun, March 1, 1910, pg. 5, col. 4.

Starr Wave Motor: "Motor in Tryout", Los Angeles Times, August 19, 1906, pg. 8, col. 2; Wallace, Burton. "Unlimited Electric Power", Overland Monthly, 50 no.3, Sept. 1907: 289-291.; "Sea Tugs and Breeching, Too", Los Angeles Times, March 8, 1908, pg 11, col. 8; "Redondo Pier Sinks in Sea", Los Angeles Times, February 13, 1909, pg. 11, col. 9.

California Loses Interest in Ocean Power: "Experiment Ends in Shipwreck", San Francisco Call, June 27, 1908, pg. 10, col. 1.; "Ocean Wave Power Plant to be Built", San Francisco Call, June 19, 1911, pg. 3, col. 1; Huber, Walter Leroy. Notes on Investigation for Theodore Huggins on use of tides in San Francisco Bay for Power Development. 1923-1924. HUBER 342, Water Resources Center Archive, University of California, Berkeley.

Reece Wave Motor: "Harnessing the Pacific's Tide", San Francisco Chronicle, January 14, 1948, pg. 3, col.4.

Mountanos Wave Motor: "Inventor's Dream: Power from the Sea", San Francisco Chronicle, March 21, 1965, pg. 8, col. 1.

Berkeley Wave Energy Project: "Berkeley to Try Letting Waves Generate Energy", San Francisco Chronicle, August 29, 1983; Berkeley City Council Minutes. Sept. 27, 1983, item #11; "Ocean Energy", California Energy Commission, www.energy.ca.gov; Website for Practical Ocean Energy Management Systems, Inc. (www.poemsinc.org).

New Ambitions: Public Hearing on Renewable Tidal Energy by the San Francisco Local Agency Formation Commission held at City Hall in San Francisco on February 28, 2003. Review of Wave & Tidal Power Projects, Public Hearing by the San Francisco Local Agency Formation Commission held at City Hall on July 23, 2004; Hirsch, Matthew. "Low Tide", San Francisco Bay Guardian, 38 No. 43, July 21-27, 2004,: Pg 18-20.; "Wave Power Plan Gets a Test", San Francisco Chronicle, August 4, 2004, pg. B1, col. 2.

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